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Getting a new well drilled? You probably have a lot of questions. Before you hire a well-drilling contractor, you should know what exactly is entailed with drilling a new well. Drilling a well involves digging a hole deep into the ground for the extraction of natural resources like water.

In short, well pump services are the most cost-effective way to get water to your house. This provides a constant flow of clean water, adequate for drinking and cooking.

Read on to find out everything you need to know about drilling a well, including how much it would cost you, how deep the well should be, how to find a good well-drilling contractor in your area, and why you need professional help.

What is a drilled well?

A drilled well includes a hole drilled deep into the ground and an upper portion that is lined with a steel casting. The casting is vital as it prevents the collapse of walls that are drilled to the bedrock. The steel casting also prevents any contaminated substance from entering the water stream.

Usually, a well-drilling contractor drills the casting 10 inches deep into the competent bedrock. The actual well is then drilled through the layers of rock where the water flows. A drilled well is much safer to use compared to hand-dug wells and requires little maintenance.

Where should you place your drilled well?

When choosing the location for your drilled well, there are many factors to consider. For example, you are going to want to scope out any contamination sources on your property, such as septic tanks, fertilizer barns, and livestock placement. Once you determine a place that is safe from contaminants, you want to know the direction of the groundwater flow. A well expert can help determine this information.

Assessing and knowing what lies beneath the surface of your land is important in deciding where to place your well. Drilling through solid rock may not be the best-case scenario. Once you know what is located beneath the surface, it’s recommended that you choose the highest ground in that area, this helps keep your new well safe from possible flooding during heavy rains or additional contaminants that could come with standing water that may collect.

What will be the demand for the water?

The water supply will entirely depend upon the water demand. If you are considering irrigation, having multiple bathrooms, or a big family with high water needs, it is wise to discuss your specific needs with the drilling contractor. The contractor will then advise you to install a certain well that would be apt for your needs.

According to the national rules, it is mandatory to have a water supply of at least 5 gallons per minute for residential use. However, for irrigational use, you must have 10-15 gallons/minute.

How deep should the well be?

The depth of the well would depend upon a number of factors like where the well is located and what your demand is. You can get in touch with your town's building officials to determine the ideal depth of your well. There also might be certain regulations that differ from town to town. So, make sure you meet these regulations before installing a well.

Where to look for the wellhead

It is pretty easy to locate a wellhead. You can find the head near your lawn. It would be about 12 inches above the ground. The steel casting on the head would act as a preventive surface that would stop any contaminated substances from entering your well. If you find dust or debris accumulated near the head, it's best to wash it off.

In short, a well can last for decades and it’s best to have all your questions answered from the very beginning of the project. If you have more questions on drilling a well, contact a local well drilling contractor such as HydroWells.